Διαφορά μεταξύ των αναθεωρήσεων του «copper»

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=={{wikipedia-en-}}==
[[Image:Kupfer Nugget.jpeg|thumb|right|A copper nugget.]]
==English==
{{elements|Cu|nickel|Ni|zinc|Zn}}
 
==={{ουσιαστικό|en}}===
===Pronunciation===
{{τ|en|{{PAGENAME}}}}
* {{a|AusE}} {{enPR|kŏ'pə}}, {{IPA|/ˈkɔp.ə/}}, {{SAMPA|/"kOp.@/}}
* [[χαλκός]]
* {{a|British}} {{enPR|kŏ'pə}}, {{IPA|/ˈkɒp.ə/}}, {{SAMPA|/"kQp.@/}}
* {{a|US}} {{enPR|kä'pər}}, {{IPA|/ˈkɑ.pɚ/}}, {{SAMPA|/"kA.p@`/}}
* {{audio|en-us-copper.ogg|Audio (US)}}
* {{rhymes|ɒpə(r)}}
 
===Etymology 1===
From {{etyl|enm|en}} {{term|coper|lang=enm}}, from {{etyl|ang|en}} {{term|coper|lang=ang}}, from {{etyl|la|en}} {{term|cuprum|lang=la}}, contraction of {{term|Cyprium|lang=la}} {{term|aes||copper ore of [[Cyprus]]', a source of good copper|lang=la}}, from {{etyl|grc|en}} {{term|Κύπρος||Cyprus|tr=Kupros|sc=polytonic|lang=grc}}.
 
====Noun====
{{en-noun|s|-}}
 
# {{uncountable}} a reddish-brown, [[malleable]], [[ductile]] [[metal]]lic [[element]] with high [[electrical]] and [[thermal]] [[conductivity]], symbol Cu, and atomic number 29.
# {{countable}} Something made of copper.
# The [[reddish]]-[[brown]] [[colour]]/[[color]] of copper.
#: {{colour panel|BB5836}}
# {{countable}} A copper coin.
# {{context|Australian English|British}} {{archaic}} A large pot used for heating water or washing clothes over a fire.
#: ''Mum would heat the water in a copper in the kitchen and transfer it to the tin bath.''
#: ''I explain that socks can’t be boiled up in the copper with the sheets and towels or they shrink.''
 
=====Synonyms=====
* {{sense|colour}} [[chestnut]], [[russet]]
 
=====Derived terms=====
{{rel-top4|terms derived from copper}}
* [[antimonial copper]]
* [[arsenical copper]]
* [[barium copper oxide]]
* [[bismuth strontium calcium copper oxide]]
* [[black copper]]
* [[black copper ore]]
* [[blister copper]], [[blistered copper]]
* [[blanched copper]]
* [[blue copper]]
* [[Bungtown copper]]
* [[Chessy copper]]
* [[chromated copper arsenate]]
* [[clear one's coppers]]
* [[cool one's coppers]]
* [[copper acetate]]
* [[copper age]]
* [[copper arsenate]]
* [[copper-arsenide]]
* [[copper-arsenite]]
* [[copper-beech]]
* [[copper-bellied snake]]
* [[copper-belly]]
* [[Copper Belt]]
* [[copperbelt]]
* [[copper belt]]
* [[copper-bit]]
* [[copper-blende]]
* [[copper-bloom]]
* [[copper-bottom]]
* [[copper-bottomed]]
* [[copper-bound]]
* [[copper-butterfly]]
* [[copper-cap]]
* [[copper-captain]]
{{rel-mid4}}
* [[copper carbonate]]
* [[copper chloride]]
* [[copper-colic]]
* [[copper-colored]]
* [[copper-coloured]]
* [[copper-cut]]
* [[copper dichloride]]
* [[coppered]]
* [[copper-emerald]]
* [[copperer]]
* [[Copper Eskimo]]
* [[copper-faced]]
* [[copper-fasten]]
* [[copper-fastened]]
* [[copper-finch]]
* [[copper-foil]]
* [[copper-glance]]
* [[copper-green]]
* [[copperhead]]
* [[copper-head]]
* [[copper-headed]]
* [[copper-hells]]
* [[copper-hops]]
* [[copper-Indian]]
* [[copper indium gallium selenide]]
* [[coppering]]
* [[copper-iron]]
* [[copperise]]
* [[copperize]]
* [[copperish]]
* [[copper-knob]]
* [[copper loss]]
* [[copper-man]]
* [[copper-manganese]]
{{rel-mid4}}
* [[copper-mica]]
* [[copper-nickel]]
* [[copper nitrate]]
* [[coppernob]]
* [[copper-nose]]
* [[copper ore]]
* [[copper oxide]]
* [[copper phosphide]]
* [[copper-place]]
* [[copperplate]]
* [[copper-powder]]
* [[copper pyrites]]
* [[copper-rain]]
* [[copper schist]]
* [[copperskin]]
* [[copper-skinned]]
* [[copper-slate]]
* [[coppersmith]]
* [[copper-smoke]]
* [[copper-snake]]
* [[copper-spot]]
* [[copper sulfate]]
* [[copper sulphate]]
* [[copper sulfide]]
* [[copper sulphide]]
* [[copper-top]]
* [[copper-topped]]
* [[copper uranite]]
* [[copper-vitriol]]
* [[copperware]]
* [[copper-wing]]
* [[copper-work]]
* [[copper-works]]
* [[coppery]]
{{rel-mid4}}
* [[copper-zinc]]
* [[disulfide of copper]]
* [[disulphide of copper]]
* [[dry copper]]
* [[emerald copper]]
* [[emerald copper ore]]
* [[enamelers' copper]]
* [[enamellers' copper]]
* [[gold-copper ore]]
* [[grey copper]]
* [[grey copper ore]]
* [[hot coppers]]
* [[indigo copper]]
* [[japan copper]]
* [[large copper]]
* [[manganese copper]]
* [[octahedral copper]]
* [[octahedral copper ore]]
* [[phosphor copper]]
* [[purple copper]]
* [[purple copper ore]]
* [[pyritous copper]]
* [[red copper]]
* [[silver-copper nitrate]]
* [[sulfate of copper]]
* [[sulphate of copper]]
* [[variegated copper]]
* [[variegated copper ore]]
* [[velvet copper]]
* [[velvet copper ore]]
* [[white copper]]
* [[yellow copper]]
* [[yellow copper ore]]
* [[yttrium barium copper oxide]]
{{rel-bottom}}
 
=====Related terms=====
{{rel-top4|terms related to copper}}
* [[BSCCO]]
* [[copperas]]
* [[cupr-]], [[cupro-]]
* [[cuprane]]
{{rel-mid4}}
* [[cuprate]]
* [[cuprea bark]]
* [[cupreous]]
{{rel-mid4}}
* [[cupric]]
* [[cupriferous]]
* [[cuprite]]
{{rel-mid4}}
* [[cuproid]]
* [[cuproso-]]
* [[cuprous]]
* [[YBCO]]
{{rel-bottom}}
 
=====Translations=====
{{trans-top|chemical element}}
* [[Afrikaans]]: [[koper]]
* Albanian: [[bakër]] {{g|Albanian}}
* [[Amuzgo]]: [[ndyé]]
* Arabic: {{t-|ar|نحاس|m|tr=nuħās}}
* Armenian: {{t-|hy|պղինձ|tr=pġinj}}
* [[Azeri]]: {{t-|az|mis|xs=Azeri}}
* [[Bashkir]]: {{tø|ba|баҡыр|tr=baqır|sc=Cyrl|xs=Bashkir}}
* [[Basque]]: [[kobrea]]
* Belarusian: [[медзь]] (medz’)
* Bosnian: {{t-|bs|bakar|m}}
* [[Breton]]: [[kouevr]] {{m}}
* Bulgarian: [[мед]] (med) {{f}}, (''rarely'') [[бакър]] (bakằr) {m}
* [[Catalan]]: [[coure]] {{m}}, [[aram]] {{m}}
* [[Chechen]]: {{tø|ce|цӀаста|tr=ċasta|sc=Cyrl}}
* Chinese:
*: Cantonese: [[銅]] (tung4)
*: Mandarin: [[銅]], [[铜]] (tóng)
* [[Chuvash]]: {{tø|cv|пăхăр|tr=păxăr|sc=Cyrl}}
* [[Cornish]]: [[cober]]
* [[Crimean Tatar]]: [[baqır]]
* Croatian: {{t+|hr|bakar|m}}
* Czech: {{t+|cs|měď|f}}
* Danish: {{t-|da|kobber}}
* Dutch: {{t+|nl|koper|n}}
* Esperanto: {{t+|eo|kupro|xs=Esperanto}}
* Estonian: {{t-|et|vask}}
* Faroese: {{t-|fo|kopar|xs=Faroese}}
* Finnish: [[kupari]], [[vaski]] (''archaic'')
* French: {{t+|fr|cuivre|m}}
* [[Friulian]]: [[ram]]
* [[Gagauz]]: {{tø|gag|bakır}}
* [[Galician]]: [[cobre]]
* Georgian: {{t-|ka|სპილენძი|tr=spilendzi|sc=Geor|xs=Georgian}}
* German: {{t+|de|Kupfer|n}}
* Greek: {{t+|el|χαλκός}} (chalkós)
* [[Gujarati]]: [[તાંબું]] {{unicode|(tāṁbuṁ)}}
* Hebrew: [[נְחוֹשֶת]] (nekhoshet) {{f}}
* Hindi: [[तांबा]] (tā.nbā)
* Hungarian: {{t+|hu|réz}}
* Icelandic: {{t+|is|eir}}
* Indonesian: {{t+|id|tembaga|xs=Indonesian}}
* [[Interlingua]]: [[cupro]]
* Irish: {{t+|ga|copar|xs=Irish}}
* Italian: {{t+|it|rame|m}}
* Japanese: [[銅]] (どう, dō; [[あかがね]], akagané: "red metal")
* [[Karachay-Balkar]]: {{tø|krc|багъыр|tr=bağır|sc=Cyrl}}, {{tø|krc|жез|tr=cez|sc=Cyrl}}, {{tø|krc|джез|tr=cez|sc=Cyrl}}
* [[Kashubian]]: (kòper)
* Kazakh: [[мыс]] (mys)
* [[Khakas]]: {{tø|kjh|чис|tr=çis|sc=Cyrl}}, {{tø|kjh|пағыр|tr=pağır|sc=Cyrl}}
{{trans-mid}}
* Korean: [[구리]] (guri), [[구리쇠]] (gurisoe), [[동]] (銅, dong), [[적금]] (赤金, jeokkeum)
* [[Kumyk]]: {{tø|kum|багъыр|tr=bağır|sc=Cyrl}}
* [[Kyrgyz]]: {{t|ky|мис|tr=mis|sc=Cyrl|xs=Kyrgyz}}
* Latin: {{t+|la|aes|n}}, {{t|la|cyprum|n}}, {{t+|la|cuprum|n}}, {{t-|la|aeramen|n|alt=aerāmen}}
* Latvian: [[varš]] {{m}}
* Lithuanian: {{t+|lt|varis|xs=Lithuanian}}
* [[Luxembourgish]]: [[Koffer]]
* [[Macedonian]]: [[бакар#Macedonian|бакар]] (bakar) {{m}}
* Malay: {{t-|ms|kuprum|xs=Malay}}, {{t-|ms|tembaga|xs=Malay}}
* Maltese: {{t-|mt|ram|xs=Maltese}}
* [[Manx]]: [[cobbyr]]
* Maori: {{t-|mi|kapa|xs=Maori}}
* Mongolian: [[зэс]] (zes)
* Navajo: {{tø|nv|béésh łichíiʼii}}
* Norwegian: {{t+|no|kobber}}
* [[Ossetian]]: {{tø|os|æрхуы|tr=ærxuy}}
* Persian: {{fa-Arab|[[مس]]}} (mes)
* Polish: {{t+|pl|miedź|f}}
* Portuguese: {{t+|pt|cobre|m}}
* [[Punjabi]]: [[ਤਾਂਬਾ]] {{unicode|(tāṁbā)}}
* Romanian: {{t+|ro|cupru|m}}, {{t-|ro|aramă|f}}
* [[Russia Buryat]]: {{tø|bxr|зэд|tr=zed|sc=Cyrl}}
* Russian: {{t+|ru|медь|f|tr=med’}}, {{t|ru|купрум|m|tr=kúprum}}
* Sanskrit: [[ताम्रक]] (tāmraka)
* [[Scottish Gaelic]]: [[copar]]
* Serbian:
*: Cyrillic: [[бакар#Serbian|бакар]] {{m}}
*: Roman: [[bakar#Serbian|bakar]] {{m}}
* [[Shor]]: {{tø|cjs|чес|tr=çes|sc=Cyrl}}
* Slovak: [[meď]] {{f}}
* Slovene: {{t+|sl|baker}}
* [[Southern Altai]]: {{tø|alt|јес|tr=ces|sc=Cyrl}}
* Spanish: {{t+|es|cobre|m}}
* Swahili: {{t+|sw|shaba|xs=Swahili}}
* Swedish: {{t+|sv|koppar|c}}
* [[Tajik]]: {{t|tg|мис|tr=mis|sc=Cyrl|xs=Tajik}}
* [[Tamil]]: [[செப்பு]] (cheppu)
* [[Tatar]]: {{t-|tt|baqır|xs=Tatar}}
* [[Telugu]]: [[రాగి]] (raagi)
* Thai: {{Thai|[[ทองแดง]]}} (thongdæng)
* Turkish: {{t+|tr|bakır}}
* Turkmen: {{t-|tk|mis|xs=Turkmen}}
* [[Tuvan]]: {{tø|tyv|чес|tr=çes|sc=Cyrl}}, {{tø|tyv|хола|tr=xola|sc=Cyrl}}
* Ukrainian: [[мiдь]] (mid’) {{f}}
* Uzbek: [[мис]] (mis), {{t-|uz|mis|xs=Uzbek}}
* Vietnamese: {{t+|vi|đồng|xs=Vietnamese}}
* Welsh: [[copor]]
* [[West Frisian]]: [[koper]]
* [[!Xóõ]]: [[ǂkxʻái]]
* [[Yakut]]: {{tø|sah|алтан|tr=altan|sc=Cyrl}}
{{trans-bottom}}
 
{{trans-top|something made of copper}}
* Albanian: {{t+|sq|bakërt|xs=Albanian}}
* Bulgarian: {{t|bg|бакър|m}}
* [[Crimean Tatar]]: [[baqır]]
* Greek: {{t|el|χάλκινος|m}} (chálkinos)
{{trans-mid}}
* Persian: {{t|fa|مسی|tr=mesi|xs=Persian}}
* Portuguese: [[cúprico]]
* Russian: [[медный|медное]] [[изделие]] (médnoje izdélije) {{n}}
* Swahili: {{t+|sw|shaba|xs=Swahili}}
* [[!Xóõ]]: [[ǂkxʻái]]
{{trans-bottom}}
 
{{trans-top|colour/color of copper}}
* Albanian: {{t+|sq|bakërt|xs=Albanian}}
* Czech: [[měděná]] {{f}}
* Dutch: [[koperkleur]]
* Greek: {{t|el|χάλκινο|n}} (chálkino)
* [[Interlingua]]: [[cupro]]
{{trans-mid}}
* Persian: {{t|fa|مسی|tr=mesi|xs=Persian}}
* Portuguese: [[cobre]], [[cor-de-cobre]] {{m}}
* Russian: [[цвета]] [[медь|меди]] (tsvéta médi) {{f}}, [[медно-красный]] (médno-krásnyj)
* Swahili: {{t+|sw|shaba|xs=Swahili}}
{{trans-bottom}}
 
{{trans-top|copper coin}}
* Albanian: {{t+|sq|bakër|xs=Albanian}}
* Bulgarian: {{t|bg|медна монета|f}}
* Czech: [[měďák]] {{m}}
* Greek: {{t|el|χάλκινο νόμισμα|n}} (chálkino nómisma)
{{trans-mid}}
* Persian: {{t|fa|مسین|tr=mesin|xs=Persian}}
* Russian: [[медный|медная]] [[монета]] (médnaja monéta) {{f}}, [[медяк]] {{m}}
* Swahili: {{t+|sw|shaba|xs=Swahili}}
{{trans-bottom}}
 
{{trans-top|large pot for hot water}}
* Albanian: {{t+|sq|bakëre|xs=Albanian}}
* Maori: {{t-|mi|kapa|xs=Maori}}
{{trans-mid}}
* Russian: [[медный]] [[котелок]] (médnyj kotelók) {{m}}, [[медный]] [[горшок]] (médnyj goršók) {{m}}
* Swahili: {{t+|sw|shaba|xs=Swahili}}
{{trans-bottom}}
 
====Adjective====
{{en-adj}}
 
# Made of copper.
# Having the reddish-brown colour/color of copper.
 
=====Synonyms=====
* (''made of copper''):
* (''having the colour/color of copper''): [[coppery]]
 
=====Translations=====
{{trans-top|made of copper}}
* Albanian: {{t+|sq|bakërt|xs=Albanian}}
* [[Breton]]: [[kouevr]], [[kouevrek]]
* Bulgarian: [[меден]] {{m}}, медна {{f}}, медно {{n}}, медни {{p}}
* [[Catalan]]: [[courenc]]
* Czech: [[měděný]] {{m}}, [[měděná]] {{f}}, [[měděné]] {{n}}
* Dutch: {{t-|nl|koperen}}
* Esperanto: {{t-|eo|kupra|xs=Esperanto}}
* Finnish: [[kuparinen]], [[vaskinen]] (''archaic'')
* French: {{t+|fr|cuivré}}
* German: [[kupfern]]
{{trans-mid}}
* Greek: [[χάλκινος]] (khálkinos) {{m}}
* [[Interlingua]]: de [[cupro]], [[cuprose]]
* Persian: {{t|fa|مسی|tr=mesi|xs=Persian}}, {{t|fa|مسین|tr=mesin|xs=Persian}}
* Polish: {{t+|pl|miedziany|m}}, {{t-|pl|miedziana|f}}, {{t-|pl|miedziane|n}}
* Portuguese: "de [[cobre]]", [[cúprico]]
* Russian: {{t+|ru|медный|tr=médnyj}}
* Slovak: [[medený]] {{m}}, [[medená]] {{f}}, [[medené]] {{n}}
* Spanish: {{t-|es|cobrizo}}
* Swahili: {{t+|sw|shaba|xs=Swahili}}
* [[Telugu]]: [[రాగి]] (raagi)
{{trans-bottom}}
 
{{trans-top|having the colour/color of copper}}
* Albanian: {{t+|sq|bakërt|xs=Albanian}}
* Czech: [[měděný]] {{m}}, [[měděná]] {{f}}, [[měděné]] {{n}}
* Dutch: [[koperkleurig]]
* Finnish: [[kuparinvärinen]]
* German: {{t+|de|kupferfarben}}, {{t+|de|kupferfarbig}}
* Greek: [[χάλκινος]] (khálkinos) {{m}}
{{trans-mid}}
* Persian: {{t|fa|مسی|tr=mesi|xs=Persian}}
* Portuguese: [[cobreado]], [[cor-de-cobre]]
* Romanian: [[arămiu]]
* Russian: [[медно-красный]] (médno-krásnyj)
* Swahili: {{t+|sw|shaba|xs=Swahili}}
{{trans-bottom}}
 
====Verb====
{{en-verb}}
 
# To sheathe or coat with copper.
 
====See also====
{{rel-top4|Items relating to subject of copper}}
* [[anna]]
* [[azurite]]
* [[bell metal]]
* [[bluestone]]
* [[blue vitriol]]
* [[Bordeaux mixture]]
* [[bornite]]
* [[brass]]
* [[bronze]]
{{rel-mid4}}
* [[Caboclo]]
* [[chalcid]]
* [[chalcanthite]]
* [[chalcocite]]
* [[chalcopyrite]]
* [[chalcosis]]
* [[chessylite]]
* [[chrysocolla]]
* [[covellite]]
{{rel-mid4}}
* [[ferrous sulphate]]
* [[kipper]]
* [[lentigohepatic degeneration]]
* [[malachite]]
* [[Monel]]
* [[olivenite]]
* [[ormolu]]
* [[patina]]
* [[peacock ore]]
{{rel-mid4}}
* [[soldo]]
* [[speculum metal]]
* [[tombac]]
* [[verd antique]]
* [[verdigris]]
* [[widow’s mite]]
* [[Wilson's disease]]
* [[Appendix:Colours]]
{{rel-bottom}}
 
====External links====
* For more information refer to:
http://elements.vanderkrogt.net/elem/cu.html
(A lot of the translations were taken from that site with permission from the author)
 
===Etymology 2===
{{etystub}}
 
====Noun====
{{en-noun}}
 
# {{slang|law enforcement}} A [[policeman]].
 
=====Synonyms=====
* (''policeman''): ''See under'' '''[[police officer]]'''.
 
=====Related terms=====
* [[cop]]<!--in the sense of "policeman"-->
 
=====Translations=====
<!--Note: add SLANG terms to this table, where these exist-->
{{trans-top|slang: a policeman}}
* Bulgarian: {{t|bg|полицай|m}}, {{t|bg|ченге|n}}
* French: {{t+|fr|flic|m}}
* Greek: {{t|el|μπάτσος|m}} (bátsos)
* Hungarian: {{t-|hu|zsaru}}, {{t|hu|hekus}}
{{trans-mid}}
* Portuguese: {{t+|pt|tira|m}}, {{t+|pt|policial}}
* Russian: [[полицейский]] (politséjskij) {{m}}, [[легавый]] (legávyj) {{m}}
* Swahili: {{t+|sw|shaba|xs=Swahili}}
{{trans-bottom}}
 
[[Category:1000 English basic words]]
[[Category:Browns]]
[[Category:Chemical elements]]
[[Category:Colors]]
[[Category:Metals]]
 
[[ar:copper]]
[[zh-min-nan:copper]]
[[de:copper]]
[[en:copper]]
[[et:copper]]
[[el:copper]]
[[fa:copper]]
[[fi:copper]]
[[fr:copper]]
[[kohu:copper]]
[[hy:copper]]
[[id:copper]]
[[io:copper]]
[[id:copper]]
[[it:copper]]
[[ja:copper]]
[[kk:copper]]
[[kn:copper]]
[[kkko:copper]]
[[sw:copper]]
[[ku:copper]]
[[la:copper]]
[[li:copper]]
[[lo:copper]]
[[la:copper]]
[[lt:copper]]
[[li:copper]]
[[hu:copper]]
[[ml:copper]]
[[nl:copper]]
[[ja:copper]]
[[oc:copper]]
[[pl:copper]]
[[ro:copper]]
[[ru:copper]]
[[simple:copper]]
[[sq:copper]]
[[simple:copper]]
[[fi:copper]]
[[sv:copper]]
[[sw:copper]]
[[ta:copper]]
[[te:copper]]
[[vi:copper]]
[[zh:copper]]
[[zh-min-nan:copper]]
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