Διαφορά μεταξύ των αναθεωρήσεων του «grave»

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{{rfc-date|date=March 2006}}
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''See also [[{{see|gravé]]''}}
 
==English==
 
 
===Pronunciation===
*{{AHD|grāv}}, {{IPA|/ɡreɪv/}}, {{SAMPA|/<tt>greIv</tt>/}}
*: [[Rhymes:English:-eɪv|Rhymes: -eɪv]]
 
===Etymology===
Utlimately from Latin ''[[gravis]]''
 
====Adjective====
'''grave''' ({{compar}}: '''[[graver]]''', {{superl}}: '''[[gravest]]''')
 
# Of great weight; heavy; ponderous. ([[Obs.]])
::{Grave accent}. ([[Pron.]]) See the Note under [[Accent]], n., 2.
 
=====Usage notes=====
Usage: {Grave}, {Sober}, {Serious}, {Solemn.} [[Sober]] supposes the absence of all exhilaration of spirits, and is opposed to gay or flighty; as, sober thought. [[Serious]] implies considerateness or reflection, and is opposed to jocose or sportive; as, serious and important concerns. Grave denotes a state of mind, appearance, etc., which results from the pressure of weighty interests, and is opposed to hilarity of feeling or vivacity of manner; as, a qrave remark; qrave attire. [[Solemn]] is applied to a case in which gravity is carried to its highest point; as, a solemn admonition; a solemn promise.
 
====Translations=Synonyms=====
*Czech : [[závažný]]
 
====Synonyms====
*[[solemn]]
*[[sober]]
*[[momentous]]
*[[important]]
 
=====Translations=====
{{top}}
*Czech : [[závažný]]
{{mid}}
{{bottom}}
 
===Etymology===
Old English ''[[grafan]]''
====Transitive verb====
'''grave''' ([[imp.]] : graved; [[p. p.]]: graven or graved; [[p. pr.]] & [[vb. n.]]: graving}.
 
====SynonymsVerb====
# To dig. ([[Obs.]]) [[w:Geoffrey Chaucer|Chaucer]].
'''grave''' ([[imp.]] : graved; [[p. p.]]: graven or graved; [[p. pr.]] & [[vb. n.]]: graving}.
 
# {{transitive}} To dig. ([[Obs.]]) [[w:Geoffrey Chaucer|Chaucer]].
#: ''He hath '''graven''' and digged up a pit.'' —[[Ps.]] VII 16 (''[[w:Book of Prayer|Book of Prayer]]'').
# {{transitive}} To carve or cut, as letters or figures, on some hard substance; to engrave.
#: ''[[Thou]] shalt take two [[onyx]] stones, and '''grave''' on them the names of the children of Israel.'' —[[Ex.]] XXVIII.,9.
# {{transitive}} To carve out or give shape to, by cutting with a chisel; to sculpture; as, to grave an image.
#: ''With gold men may the hearte '''grave'''.'' —[[w:Geoffrey Chaucer|Chaucer]].
# {{transitive}} To impress deeply (on the mind); to fix indelibly.
#: ''O! may they '''graven''' in thy heart remain.'' —[[w:Matthew Prior|Prior]].
# {{transitive}} To entomb; to bury. ([[Obs.]]) —[[w:Geoffrey Chaucer|Chaucer]].
#: ''Lie full low, '''graved''' in the hollow ground.'' —[[w:William Shakespeare|Shakespeare]].
# {{transitive}} ([[Naut.]]) To clean, as a vessel's bottom, of barnacles, grass, etc., and pay it over with pitch — so called because graves or greaves was formerly used for this purpose.
# {{intransitive}} To write or delineate on hard substances, by means of incised lines; to practice engraving.
 
====Intransitive verb====
'''grave'''
 
#To write or delineate on hard substances, by means of incised lines; to practice engraving.
 
===Etymology===
Old English ''[[græf]]''
 
====Noun====
{{wikipediapar|grave (burial)}}
'''grave'''
 
# An excavation in the earth as a place of burial; also, any place of interment; a tomb; a sepulcher. [[Hence]]: [[Death]]; [[destruction]].
#: ''He had lain in the grave four days.'' —[[w:Gospel of John|John]] [[XI]].,17.
# An accent used in French. è is an ''e'' with a grave accent.
 
::{Grave wax}, [[adipocere]].
 
=====Translations=====
{{top}}
*Albanian: [[varr]] ''m''
*CatalanAlbanian: [[sepulcrevarr]] ''{{m''}}
*CroatianCatalan: [[grobsepulcre]] ''{{m''}}
*Czech Croatian: [[hrobgrob]] {{m}}
*Czech: [[hrob]] {{m}}
*Esperanto: [[tombo]]
*German: [[Grab]] ''{{n''}}
*[[Greek]]: [[τάφος]]
*Hungarian: [[sír]]
{{mid}}
{{bottom}}
 
===Etymology===
Old Low German ''grēve''
 
====Suffix====
'''-grave'''
 
==Danish==
 
===Etymology===
Old Norse ''[[grafa]]''
 
===Verb===
'''grave'''
 
# toTo [[dig]]
 
[[Category:Danish verbs]]
 
==French==
 
===Etymology===
Latin ''[[gravis]]''
 
===Adjective===
'''grave'''
 
==Italian==
 
===Etymology===
Latin ''[[gravis]]''
 
===Adjective===
'''grave'''
 
# graveGrave, [[serious]]
# [[heavy]]
# [[solemn]]
 
==Spanish==
 
===Etymology===
Latin ''[[gravis]]''
 
===Adjective===
'''grave'''
===Verb form===
'''grave'''
 
# ''first-, third-person singular subjunctive present of [[gravar]]''
# ''third-person singular imperative of gravar''
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